Located in Itapoa city on the northern coast of the state of Santa Catarina, the Volta Velha Reserve is an area of 1100 hectares (about 2300 acres) within one of the largest areas of undisturbed Atlantic Forest, without doubt one of the most endangered biomes on the planet.
There are approximately 300 species of birds, the majority of which are dependent on forest habitats. The Lowland Atlantic Forest contains an impressive diversity of micro‑habitats, from coastal restingas, high‑canopy humid forest, to riparian woodlands and marshes.
Many rare and interesting species of birds can be found, such as Yellow-legged Tinamou, White-necked Hawk, Blue-bellied Parrot, Dusky-throated Hermit, White-breasted Tapaculo, Unicolored Antwren, Marsh Antbird, Black-cheeked Gnateater, Restinga Tyrannulet, Kaempfer’s Tody-Tyrant, Russet-winged Spadebill, Three-striped Flycatcher, Azure Jay, Green-chinned Euphonia, Rufous-headed and Black-backed Tanager. Night excursions often prove to be very productive with great chances of seeing Least Pygmy-Owl, Mottled Owl and Black-capped Screech-Owl.